External API Client

Here is a demo Symfony application of Jane with an external API integration. We will see a working example of OpenApi v3 client onto a simple API that gives facts about cats and comment it. You can find this API documentation on following url: [https://alexwohlbruck.github.io/cat-facts/](https://alexwohlbruck.github.io/cat-facts/).

You can find the fully working example on this repository: janephp/demo-external-api.

OpenAPI schema

First, we need a valid OpenAPI schema. Since this API doesn’t have one I made my own, for some big API, there is existing OpenAPI schema, but be carefull with theses, they’re often really big and you won’t use all endpoints and models. A solution to this is to use the whitelisted-paths option in Jane configuration, or you can write your own schema to have only endpoints and models you need.

Here is the schema I made:

openapi: 3.0.0
info:
  version: 1.0.0
  title: 'CatFacts API'
servers:
  - url: https://cat-fact.herokuapp.com
paths:
  /facts/random:
    get:
      operationId: randomFact
      responses:
        200:
          description: 'Get a random `Fact`'
          content:
            application/json:
              schema:
                $ref: '#/components/schemas/Fact'
components:
  schemas:
    Fact:
      type: object
      properties:
        _id:
          type: string
          description: 'Unique ID for the `Fact`'
        __v:
          type: integer
          description: 'Version number of the `Fact`'
        user:
          type: string
          description: 'ID of the `User` who added the `Fact`'
        text:
          type: string
          description: 'The `Fact` itself'
        updatedAt:
          type: string
          format: date-time
          description: 'Date in which `Fact` was last modified'
        sendDate:
          type: string
          description: 'If the `Fact` is meant for one time use, this is the date that it is used'
        deleted:
          type: boolean
          description: 'Weather or not the `Fact` has been deleted (Soft deletes are used)'
        source:
          type: string
          description: 'Can be `user` or `api`, indicates who added the fact to the DB'
        used:
          type: boolean
          description: 'Weather or not the `Fact` has been sent by the CatBot. This value is reset each time every `Fact` is used'
        type:
          type: string
          description: 'Type of animal the `Fact` describes (e.g. ‘cat’, ‘dog’, ‘horse’)'

Declaring services

Here we will create services for Symfony. When requiring package jane-php/open-api-3, a recipe will be installed, it contains a config/packages/jane.yaml file, this file will contains wiring for the Normalizer, I added service for the API client here:

services:
    _defaults:
        autowire: true
        autoconfigure: true

    CatFacts\Api\Normalizer\JaneObjectNormalizer: ~

    CatFacts\Api\Client:
        factory: ['CatFacts\Api\Client', 'create']
        lazy: true

Using your client

Finally, we create a controller that will fetch the data from the API and show a twig template to show the fact on /fact url.

use CatFacts\Api\Client;
use Symfony\Bundle\FrameworkBundle\Controller\AbstractController;

class FactController extends AbstractController
{
    // Here we will inject the Jane Client, this will allow us to recover the cat fact from the API!
    public function index(Client $client)
    {
        // We will render our home template with the cat fact from the API
        // Thanks to the OpenAPI scheme, Jane knows where is the server `https://cat-fact.herokuapp.com` and the path
        // to use, so we only have to call related operation (defined by `operationId` in OpenAPI)
        // Jane will call the endpoint and return a list of `CatFacts\Api\Model\Fact` models
        return $this->render('fact.html.twig', [
            'fact' => $client->randomFact(),
        ]);
    }
}